Volume 4, Issue 1, March 2019, Page: 18-25
Ethnobotanical and Ecological Studies of Plants Used in the Treatment of Diabetes in Kwango, Kongo Central and Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo
Adrien Tuwisana Masunda, Section of Laboratory Techniques, Higher Institute of Medical Techniques, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Clement Liyongo Inkoto, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Gédéon Ngiala Bongo, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Joseph Desiré Oleko Wa Oloko, Higher Institute Superior of Medical Techniques of Tshumbe, Tshumbe, DR Congo
Koto-Te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Department of Biology, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Damien ShaTshibey Tshibangu, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Dorothée Dinangayi Tshilanda, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana, Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Sciences, University of Kinshasa, Kinshasa, Democratic Republic of the Congo
Received: Dec. 28, 2018;       Accepted: Jan. 31, 2019;       Published: Feb. 28, 2019
DOI: 10.11648/j.ijde.20190401.14      View  97      Downloads  14
Abstract
Non-communicable diseases represent new challenges for the mankind in the fight for health improvement. Among these diseases, diabetes is a major contributor. Diabetes is a serious chronic disease that occurs when the pancreas does not produce enough insulin or when the body is unable to use the insulin produced effectively. This survey was performed in Kwango, Kongo-Central and Kinshasa provinces respectively between October 2016 and September 2017. A questionnaire was administered to the target population in order to collect relevant data. Plant identification was carried out at the herbarium of University of Kinshasa. The findings revealed that the inventoried medicinal flora is made up of 68 species which are divided into 34 families of 58 genera; the leaf is the most commonly used part in the treatment of diabetes while maceration is the most commonly used method of preparation. The use of medicinal plants is reported in almost all age groups from 20-89 years of age but with a predominance among people aged 40-49 years. Trees and phanerophyte species predominate in the flora studied; the majority of users of these medicinal plants have a primary level of education. In-depth phytochemical and pharmacological studies need to be carried out on these plants with a view to their scientific validation in the diabetes management.
Keywords
Diabetes, Challenge, Medicinal Plants, Ethnobotany, Kongo Central, Kwango, Kinshasa, DRC
To cite this article
Adrien Tuwisana Masunda, Clement Liyongo Inkoto, Gédéon Ngiala Bongo, Joseph Desiré Oleko Wa Oloko, Koto-Te-Nyiwa Ngbolua, Damien ShaTshibey Tshibangu, Dorothée Dinangayi Tshilanda, Pius Tshimankinda Mpiana, Ethnobotanical and Ecological Studies of Plants Used in the Treatment of Diabetes in Kwango, Kongo Central and Kinshasa in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, International Journal of Diabetes and Endocrinology. Vol. 4, No. 1, 2019, pp. 18-25. doi: 10.11648/j.ijde.20190401.14
Copyright
Copyright © 2019 Authors retain the copyright of this article.
This article is an open access article distributed under the Creative Commons Attribution License (http://creativecommons.org/licenses/by/4.0/) which permits unrestricted use, distribution, and reproduction in any medium, provided the original work is properly cited.
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